Slugs and snails cause damage to a wide range of agricultural and horticultural crops. They attack seed or germinating seedlings causing poor and uneven establishment, which may necessitate re-drilling. Grazing damage to young plants reduces vigour and yield potential as well as reducing marketable quality. Damage also occurs in many established crops and details of timing of application are given below.
Appeal slug pellets contain the unique TR3799 formulation of metaldehyde for use against slugs and snails on bare soil and most edible and non edible crops protected and outdoors. Appeal also contains the bird and animal repellent Guardsman.
- Slug Pellets are pesticides and must be treated as such.
- Use minimum active/ha to avoid drainage and run-off losses
- Maximum individual dose/ha: 210 g a.s./ha*. For additional protection of water: suppliers/BASIS advisers may recommend rates reduced to 160 g/ha* or less.
- Maximum total autumn dose: 210 g a.s./ha* (1st. August to 31st. December). For additional protection of water: suppliers/BASIS advisers may recommend rates reduced to 160 g/ha* or less. For BASIS advice this is 3 applications at 3.5 kg/ha (at 210 g.a.s./ha 4 applications at 3.5 kg/ha).
- The maximum total dose of metaldehyde must not exceed 700 g a.s./ha/ year*.
- Do not spread within 5m of water courses or ditches.
- Calibrate your applicator before use and again for each batch of pellets to be applied to ensure an accurate rate of application.
- Fill and clean application equipment in the field.
- Do not fill or clean down application equipment in the yard.
- Do not apply if heavy rain is imminent.
- Do not apply if drains are flowing especially in the autumn.
- *from any combination of metaldehyde products
METHOD OF APPLICATION:
Appeal pellets are applied by broadcast application using any suitable granule applicator. Care must be taken to ensure that even distribution of pellets is achieved.
RATE OF USE:
Up to 7.5 kg per hectare (112.5 g ai/ha), where slug numbers are low the rate can be reduced to 3 kg per hectare (45 g ai/ha). In high value crops or in high risk situations higher rates should be used but not exceeding 7.5 kg per hectare.
- 3 kg rate - approximately 60 pellets per m2
- 7.5 kg rate - approximately 150 pellets per m2
For optimum results Appeal pellets should be applied when slugs and snails are active, normally during mild, damp weather conditions. The best way to assess slug infestation is to go into the crop late evening when the dew is falling and slugs are at their most active. However slug trapping may also be used and details are given in the HGCA Topic Sheets No. 84 (winter wheat) and 85 (winter oilseed rape), available from the HGCA website www.hgca.com.
- Carrots: Apply shortly before or after drilling when slug damage is suspected and repeat the application later in the season if slug damage is seen.
- Cereals: Apply pre-drilling if there is a known slug problem and leave the soil surface undisturbed for several days before drilling.
Broadcast applications at or post-drilling should be made as soon as slug damage is anticipated or when damage is first seen.
- Leafy, Headed, Flower-headed and Root Brassicas: Apply Appeal pellets shortly before or after drilling/transplanting to minimise slug damage.
- Cauliflower: Do not apply after curd size reaches 1 cm, this is usually more than 4 weeks before harvest.
- Oilseed Rape: Apply immediately post-drilling but before crop emergence for optimum results and repeat application as necessary when slug damage is suspected.
- Peas and Beans: Application should be made at emergence and just prior to pod formation to ensure there is no damage to pods or seeds.
- Potatoes: Apply pre-planting if there is a known slug problem and leave the soil surface undisturbed for several days before planting.
For optimum results applications should be made shortly after planting and when a full canopy has developed, usually in late July or early August. Repeat applications may be required at not less than 7 day intervals particularly to susceptible varieties eg Maris Piper, Cara.
- Sugar beet: Apply at or just after crop emergence to ensure maximum crop stand.
- Newly sown leys containing susceptible legumes: Apply at any time when slug damage is suspected or seen, in particular applications just prior to, at or early post-drilling are recommended.
Apply pre-drilling if there is a known slug problem and leave the soil surface undisturbed for several days before drilling.
Post-drilling applications should be made as soon as slug damage is anticipated or when damage is first seen.
- Blackcurrants: Apply at the ‘grape’ stage of the crop to prevent contamination of the harvested crop. Repeat applications may be required.
- Strawberries: An application should be made before strawing down to protect the ripening fruit from attack by slugs.
- Other crops: Apply Appeal pellets at any time when slug damage is suspected or first seen.
Late application of pellets to broad-leaved plants may result in lodging of pellets in the foliage. Care should be taken to avoid this when making applications to edible crops.
Since this product is dangerous to game, wild birds and animals, all spillages must be buried or removed.
Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.